Turkish TV Travels Far As Craze For Dramas Goes Global

Jul 19, 2015
Originally published on July 21, 2015 1:30 pm

The Turkish television industry is booming.

During Ramadan, which ended this week, many Muslims — around the world — tuned in to watch Turkish TV in massive numbers.

But Turkey isn't just presenting religious programming. The country is second only to the U.S. in producing and exporting secular TV dramas — and they're becoming global hits

A 'Captive Audience' During Ramadan

Many families watch as they gather as they wait to break their Ramadan fast after sundown, says Pinar Tremblay, a columnist for the online newspaper Al-Monitor.com.

"During sunset, everybody sits around the dinner table waiting," Tremblay says. "Everybody turns on the television. It is the captive audience. Ratings go up — the ratings are very high during Ramadan."

Throughout the holy month, Turkish TV features special programming. Live prime-time talk shows feature hosts answering questions from viewers, says Tremblay.

"Some of them turn it into a sort of Jerry Springer, in a different way," she says, referring to the U.S. tabloid talk show. "People ask questions like, 'Oh, I slept with my brother-in-law; what do I need to do now?' 'If I chew gum, would my fast be affected?' "

Cooking shows, music programs and kids' shows are also popular. But throughout the year, it's the secular Turkish dramas that stand out.

Among this summer's hits: a soap opera about a forbidden love, and a drama depicting the founding of the Ottoman Empire.

A Competitive Market

The boom began about 10 years ago, when Turkish studios began making dramas with high production values, says Selin Arat, director of international operations at Tims Productions, which makes some of Turkey's most successful TV series.

"Here, your show can get cancelled after three or four episodes if it's not getting the ratings that it's supposed to get, so it's very competitive," Arat says.

"Now, Turkey is now the second [biggest] exporter of TV series in the world, after the U.S., so that's a big deal," she says. "Being able to sell to 60 or 70 countries is a huge success."

The Turkish dramas are popular throughout the Middle East, says Iranian-American businesswoman Goli Ameri, who has served as a diplomat.

"Because they show that you can be Muslim, but at the same time modern — and you know, Turks basically look like everyone," Ameri says.

Ameri points to one recent Turkish series that captivated viewers on both sides of the Gaza Strip.

"At 3 or 4 p.m., when the series was running, the fighting would stop and people would watch the series," she says. "It had that kind of an impact."

Big-Budget Worldwide Hits

The craze for Turkish TV dramas has also spread to Latin America, where telenovelas rule.

In the U.S., they've proved extremely popular on Mundo Fox, which is airing the highly rated series Magnificent Century, which is also set during the Ottoman Empire.

The big-budget series, with lavish costumes and sets, was compared to HBO's Game of Thrones series. It was sold from Tims Productions to 60 countries and boasted more than 200 million viewers. The series was directed by Durul Taylan and his brother Yagmur, who've been described as the Turkish Coen Brothers.

"The writer of the show, Meral Okay, told the story totally from the perspective of the slaves," says Yagmur Taylan.

Magnificent Century ended last year, and has inspired imitators and spinoffs.

Now the Taylan brothers, who split their time between Istanbul and Malibu, are working on a feature film in the U.S. — and a television drama about Turkey's TV industry.

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RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

The television industry in Turkey is booming. The country produces popular religious programs, but it's their high production value dramas and soap operas that Middle Eastern audiences really love. NPR's Mandalit Del Barco reports that viewer numbers spike at this religiously significant time of year.

MANDALIT DEL BARCO, BYLINE: Muslims around the world turn to Turkish television while fasting for Ramadan, says Pinar Tremblay, a columnist for the online newspaper al-monitor.com.

PINAR TREMBLAY: During sunset, everybody sits around the dinner table waiting. Everybody turns on the television. It is the captive audience. Ratings go up. The ratings are very high during Ramadan.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

DEL BARCO: Throughout the holy month, Turkish TV features special programming.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV PROGRAM)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Foreign language spoken).

DEL BARCO: Live prime time talk shows like this feature hosts answering questions from viewers, says Tremblay.

TREMBLAY: Some of them turn it into a sort of a "Jerry Springer" in a different way, you know. People ask questions like, oh, I slept with my brother-in-law. Well, what do I need to do now? If I chew gum, would my fast be affected?

DEL BARCO: Cooking shows, music programs and kids' shows are also very popular. But throughout the year, it's the secular Turkish dramas that stand out.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV PROGRAM)

UNIDENTIFIED ACTOR: (Foreign language spoken).

DEL BARCO: One of this summer's hits is a typical soap opera about forbidden love. Another current drama depicts the founding of the Ottoman Empire. Selin Arat directs international operations at Tims Productions, responsible for some of Turkey's most successful TV series.

SELIN ARAT: Here, your show can get canceled after three or four episodes if it's not getting the ratings that it's supposed to get. So it's very competitive.

DEL BARCO: Arat says the boom began about 10 years ago, when Turkish studios like hers began making dramas with high production values.

ARAT: Now Turkey is the second exporter of TV series in the world, after the U.S. So that's a big deal. And being able to sell to 60 or 70 countries is a huge success.

DEL BARCO: Iranian-American businesswoman Goli Ameri, who's served as a diplomat, says the Turkish dramas are popular throughout the Middle East.

GOLI AMERI: Because these sort of show that you can be Muslim but, at the same time, modern. And, you know, Turks basically look like everyone.

DEL BARCO: Ameri points to one recent Turkish series that captivated viewers on both sides of the Gaza Strip.

AMERI: At 3 or 4 p.m., when the series was running, the fighting would stop. And people would watch the series. I mean, it had sort of that kind of an impact.

DEL BARCO: The craze for Turkish TV dramas has spread to Latin America, where telenovelas rule. In the U.S., they proved extremely popular on Mundo Fox, which is airing the highly rated series, "Magnificent Century," also set during the Ottoman Empire.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG)

DEL BARCO: The big-budget series with lavish costumes and sets was compared to the "Game Of Thrones" series. It was sold from Tims Productions to 60 countries and boasted more than 200 million viewers. The series was directed by Durul Taylan and his brother Yagmur. They have been described as the Turkish Coen Brothers.

DURUL TAYLAN: The writer of the show, Meral Okay, told the story totally from the perspective of the slaves.

DEL BARCO: "Magnificent Century" ended last year and has inspired imitators and spinoffs. Now the Taylan brothers, who split their time between Istanbul and Malibu, are working on a feature film in the U.S. and a television drama about Turkey's TV industry. Mandalit Del Barco, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.