Trump's Pick For Attorney General Known For Hard-Line Immigration Stance

Nov 18, 2016
Originally published on November 19, 2016 9:45 am

Jeff Sessions of Alabama was the first Republican senator to get behind the-then renegade candidate Trump. Now, he is President-elect Donald Trump's pick for attorney general — and his hard-line stance on immigration and 30-year-old allegations of racism are sure to draw scrutiny in confirmation hearings.

Long before Trump was winning primaries, or picking up political endorsements, he had a conservative ally in the Deep South.

"We have a man here who really helped me," Trump said about Sessions while campaigning last year in Alabama. "He's the one person I sought his counsel, because he's been so spot on. He's so highly respected."

In a foreshadowing of the endorsement that would come later, Sessions joined Trump on stage in his hometown Mobile, donning a "Make America Great" baseball cap.

"Thank you for the work you've put into the immigration issue," Sessions told Trump and the crowd. "I'm really impressed with your plan."

Well before Trump's plan to build a wall, Sessions was a border hawk. From his post as chairman of the Judiciary Committee's immigration panel, he's long been the Senate's leading voice against illegal immigration and expanding guest worker programs.

"Do we want to have a legal system or not?" Sessions said 10 years ago, calling for tougher border enforcement. "Or are we once again creating a facade?"

The 69-year-old Sessions was first elected to the Senate 20 years ago. He's a former Alabama attorney general and U.S. attorney. In a statement from the transition team, Sessions said he embraces Trump's "vision for 'one-America' and his commitment to equal justice under the law."

Civil rights groups question that commitment.

"This is reactionary," says Joanne Lin, legislative counsel at the American Civil Liberties Union.

She calls Sessions the most anti-immigrant voice in Congress.

"This is trying to take us back to a time when our country was anything but equal, anything but fair," she says.

Sessions' Senate Judiciary colleagues will be looking beyond his immigration views in confirmation hearings for attorney general. One thing that's expected to come up is the last time he was there: in 1986, when President Ronald Reagan had named Sessions to a federal judgeship.

But charges of racial insensitivity derailed the nomination.

Testimony included allegations he targeted civil rights leaders in an unsuccessful voter fraud prosecution, that he called the ACLU and the NAACP "un-American," and that he'd joked that he thought the Ku Klux Klan was "an OK group of guys" until he found out they smoked pot.

At the Senate Judiciary hearing then, Massachusetts Democrat Ted Kennedy called Sessions "a throwback to a shameful era."

"It's inconceivable to me that a person of this attitude is qualified to be a U.S. attorney, let alone a United States federal judge," Kennedy said.

At the time, Sessions said he was not the person his detractors were portraying.

"I am not a racist. I am not insensitive to blacks," he testified. "I have done my job with integrity, equality and fairness for all."

Now, Session sits on the very panel that rejected his nomination to the federal bench. And since then, at least one of the "no" votes, the late Sen. Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania, said it was a mistake.

"Because I have since found that Sen. Sessions is egalitarian," Specter said in 2009, when Sessions assumed the position of ranking Republican on the Judiciary Committee.

Former Republican Congressman Jo Bonner of Alabama says senators won't be swayed by what he calls a "character assassination" from the past.

"That was wrong then and it is equally wrong today," Bonner says. "I don't think that will slow his nomination down one iota."

But expect a fight. NAACP President Cornell William Brooks calls the prospect of Sessions as the nation's top law enforcement officer "deeply troubling."

"When the president-elect has called for an expansion of stop and frisk, and he's nominated a senator with an atrocious record on civil rights, A and B do not spell justice for most Americans," Brooks says.

In announcing his nomination for attorney general, President-elect Trump called Sessions a "world-class legal mind."

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KELLY MCEVERS, HOST:

Now we're going to talk about who Donald Trump wants at the top of the Justice Department, someone who drew protests on Capitol Hill today.

(SOUNDBITE OF PROTEST)

UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTER: Reject.

UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTERS: Sessions.

UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTER: Reject.

UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTERS: Sessions.

UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTER: Reject.

UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTERS: Sessions.

MCEVERS: That's Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions, the first Republican senator to back Trump. His tough stance on immigration and 30-year-old allegations of racism are sure to draw scrutiny. Here's NPR's Debbie Elliott.

DEBBIE ELLIOTT, BYLINE: Long before Donald Trump was winning primaries or picking up political endorsements, he had a conservative ally in the Deep South. Here he is campaigning in Alabama in August of last year.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

DONALD TRUMP: We have a man here who really helped me. And he was the one person a man here who really helped one person I sought his counsel because he's been so spot-on. He's so highly respected. Has anybody ever heard of Senator Jeff Sessions?

ELLIOTT: In a foreshadowing of the endorsement that would come later, Sessions joined Trump on stage in his hometown Mobile, donning a make America great baseball cap.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

JEFF SESSIONS: Thank you for the work that you put into the immigration issue. I'm really impressed with your plan.

ELLIOTT: Well before Trump's plan to build a wall, Sessions was a border hawk. From his post as chairman of the Judiciary Committee's immigration panel, he's long been the Senate's leading voice against illegal immigration and expanding guest worker programs. Here he is 10 years ago calling for tougher enforcement.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

SESSIONS: Do we want to have a legal system or not? Are we once again creating a facade?

ELLIOTT: The 69-year-old Sessions was first elected to the Senate 20 years ago. He's a former Alabama attorney general and U.S. attorney. In a statement from the transition team, Sessions said he embraces, quote, "Trump's vision for one America and his commitment to equal justice under the law." Civil rights groups question that commitment.

JOANNE LIN: I mean, this is reactionary.

ELLIOTT: Joanne Lin is legislative council at the ACLU. She calls Sessions the most anti-immigrant voice in Congress.

LIN: This is trying to take us back to a time when our country was anything but equal, anything but fair.

ELLIOTT: His Senate Judiciary colleagues will be looking beyond Sessions' immigration views and confirmation hearings for attorney general. Expect the last time he was there to come up. It was 1986, and President Ronald Reagan had named Sessions to a federal judgeship. But the nomination was derailed by charges of racial insensitivity. Testimony included allegations he targeted civil rights leaders for prosecution and that he joked he thought the Ku Klux Klan was OK until he found out they smoked pot. At the time, Sessions said he was not the person his detractors were portraying.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

SESSIONS: I am not a racist. I am not insensitive to blacks. I have done my job with integrity, equality and fairness for all.

ELLIOTT: Now Sessions sits on the very panel that rejected his nomination to the federal bench. Former Republican Congressman Jo Bonner of Alabama says senators won't be swayed by what he calls a character assassination from the past.

JO BONNER: That was wrong then and it is equally wrong today. I don't think that will slow his nomination down one iota.

ELLIOTT: But expect a fight. NAACP president Cornell William Brooks says the prospect of Sessions as the nation's top law enforcement officer is deeply troubling.

CORNELL WILLIAM BROOKS: The president-elect has called for an expansion of stop-and-frisk. And he's nominated a senator with an atrocious record on civil rights. A and B do not spell justice for most Americans.

ELLIOTT: In announcing his nomination for attorney general, President-elect Trump called Sessions a world-class legal mind. Debbie Elliott, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.