The Gospel According To Wendell Berry, On Screen

Apr 24, 2016
Originally published on April 24, 2016 9:07 am

When Laura Dunn decided to make a film about America's foremost farmer-philosopher, Wendell Berry, she ran into one significant complication: He was willing to be interviewed, but he didn't want to go on-camera.

Berry, an old-fashioned man to his core, believes that experiencing the world through computer or movie screens diminishes literacy and deadens the imagination.

But Dunn took it as a challenge, to make a film that reveals even more about the man, rather than less, by following his gaze toward the world that shaped him.

So in her film, The Seer, Berry's weathered voice acts as the soundtrack to images of trees and pastures and fields in the place where Berry was born, and where he has lived for the past half-century: Henry County, Kentucky.

Knowing where you're from is a recurrent theme in Berry's writings, and in The Seer. Yet Dunn, the filmmaker, can't really say where she's from. "I think that's part of the story, in a way," she says. She was drawn to Berry's work and world, "sort of seeking a home in a world that seems full of displacement."

Many of Berry's novels and essays and poems are an homage to farming communities like Henry County, which lie off the beaten track, often forgotten.

"They call 'em the sticks," Berry says in the film. "The boondocks. Nowhere. You hear that over and over. 'Oh, just a little nowhere place.' "

Berry's writings treat these places as special, even sacred, and Dunn's film does the same. "I want to be able to just show you this place," she says. "And in this place, it's farmers. It's farmers in their struggles and victories."

Wendell Berry's condemnation of modern farming has brought him back into the public eye in recent years. He despises how big farming has become, and how technology-driven.

Dunn's film goes deeply into the business of farming. She speaks with migrant farm workers and big-time farmers, deeply in debt. "Ten years ago I would have never dreamed it would cost what it does to put a crop out now," says one farmer, with a haunted look in his eyes. "It's just crazy what it costs. And sometimes is gets a little hard to sleep at night. Toward the end of the year, all the crops are in the ground, all the money's spent, and we just need a good crop to pay the banks back."

Dunn replays video of a speech that Wendell Berry gave in 1974. Already at that point, he was arguing that when big farms grow and small ones disappear, communities are destroyed, along with the values that sustain those communities — values like loyalty, neighborliness, kindness.

"I don't think that you can love those old values, and love what has come to be American agriculture at the same time," he told his audience.

In recent years, there's has been a small Wendell Berry renaissance. He's inspired a new generation of small, organic farmers. I recently saw a quote from Wendell Berry — "Eating is an agricultural act" — on the wall of a glitzy, trendy, food establishment in Manhattan.

But this film goes well beyond food and farming. It returns, again and again, to Laura Dunn's search for "things that are whole" in a fragmented world.

There's a confessional moment in the middle of the film in which we hear Dunn talking to Berry, explaining what drew her to Henry County.

"There's this need to try to find a way to piece things back together," she says. "So you look to places where there is still a remnant of togetherness, or unity, or community, of connection to the land, and I study those, because I don't come from a place — I come from divorce ..."

Berry interrupts her: "We all come from divorce!" he says. "This is an age of divorce. Things that belong together have been taken apart. And you can't put it all back together again. What you can do, is the only thing that you can do. You take two things that ought to be together and you put them together. Two things! Not all things."

As Wendell Berry speaks, the film shows a pair of horses, an intact spider web, and a furniture-maker fitting together two pieces of wood.

Dunn says it's a hopeful thought: That this may be all that we, personally, need to do.

"What he's saying to me is, there is no big solution. It's broken! We're all complicit in a broken system, and it a broken world. The question isn't how can I fix it all. But how can I, with my own two hands, do good work, every day. And I find that immensely hopeful!"

The Seer premiered last month at the South by Southwest festival in Austin, Texas. Screenings are scheduled at film festivals in the coming months in Houston, Nashville, and Toronto.

Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

The writer Wendell Berry is so old-fashioned, he's revolutionary. His novels and poems mourn the decline of traditional farming communities, like the one where he lives in Kentucky. But Berry, now 81 years old, is more in step with the present than ever. His writings have helped inspire a local food movement. A new documentary film celebrates Berry's work in the place that he calls home. NPR's Dan Charles has the story.

DAN CHARLES, BYLINE: Knowing where you're from comes up again and again in Wendell Berry's writings and in this film about him, called "The Seer."

(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "THE SEER")

WENDELL BERRY: I have happened to live nearly all my life in a place I don't remember not knowing. Most of my forebears for the last 200 years could have said the same thing.

CHARLES: So it's interesting - the creator of this film, Laura Dunn, can't really say where she comes from.

LAURA DUNN: So I think that's part of the story in a way - this sort of seeking a home in a world that feels full of displacement.

CHARLES: In her film, we don't see much of Wendell Berry himself. But his weathered voice is a soundtrack to flowing images of the places that formed him and his writing - the hills and streams of Henry County, Ky. It's a homage to all places like this - farming communities off the beaten track and often forgotten.

(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "THE SEER")

BERRY: They called them the sticks - the boondocks. Nowhere, they call it out here. I hear that over and over again - oh, a little nowhere place.

DUNN: I want to be able to just show you this place. And in this place, it's farmers. It's farmers and their struggles and their victories.

CHARLES: Wendell Berry's condemnation of modern farming is probably what's brought him back into the public eye in recent years. He despises how big it's become - how technological. And this film goes deeply into the business of farming. We hear from migrant farmworkers and big-time farmers who are deeply in debt.

(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "THE SEER")

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Ten years ago, I would have never dreamed it would have cost what it does to put a crop out now. So it's just crazy what it costs. And sometimes it gets a little hard to sleep at night. Toward end of year, when the crops are all in the ground, and all the money's spent, and - we just need a good crop to repay the banks back.

CHARLES: The film includes video of a speech that Wendell Berry gave in 1974. Already then, he was arguing that when big farms grow and small ones disappear, it destroys communities, and also the values that live in those communities - traditional values like loyalty, neighborliness, kindness.

(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "THE SEER")

BERRY: So I don't think that you can love those old values and love what has come to be American agriculture at the same time.

CHARLES: In recent years, there's a bit of a Wendell Berry renaissance going on. He's inspired a new generation of small organic farmers. I recently saw a quote from Wendell Berry - eating is an agricultural act - on the wall of a glitzy, trendy food establishment in Manhattan. But this film is about a lot more than food and farming. It's really Laura Dunn's search for, as she puts it, things that are whole in a fragmented world. At one point, we hear her in the background talking to Wendell Berry about how she's always looking for places that are still a remnant of togetherness and community.

(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "THE SEER")

DUNN: ...A connection to the land. And I study those because I don't come from a place. I come from divorce.

BERRY: We all come from divorce now. This is an age of divorce. Things that belong together have been taken apart. And you can't put it all back together again. What you do is the only thing that you can do. You take two things that ought to be together, and you put them back together. Two things - not all things.

CHARLES: As we listen to Wendell Berry, we see a furnituremaker at work, fitting together pieces of wood. And Dunn says a hopeful thing is the thought that this may be all that we personally need to do.

DUNN: What he is saying to me is that there is no big solution. It's broken. We're all complicit in a broken system and in a broken world. The question is not so much how can I fix it all, but how can I, with my own two hands, do good work every day? And I find that immensely hopeful.

CHARLES: "The Seer" premiered last month at the South by Southwest Festival in Austin, Texas. Screenings are scheduled at film festivals in the coming months in Houston, Nashville and Toronto. Dan Charles, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.